Jeopardy- holistic approach to prior learning

Question one

The field of study that mainly concentrates on examining the role that genetics do play in animal (this including also human) behavior is referred to as behavioral genetics. In these kinds of studies, the mode of “nature versus nurture” approach is adopted. It is highly interdisciplinary as it involves contributions from genetics, ethology, biology, statistics and psychology. Behavioral geneticists are mainly interested with the inheritance of certain behavioral traits in animals and in this case they might employ the adoption study or twin study as a tool when dealing with humans, or such techniques as transgenesis, gene knockout or breeding techniques when dealing with animal genetics. The first behavioral geneticist to be recognized by the world was sir Francis Galton who happened to be a nineteenth-century intellect. There are other scholars who have greatly contributed in this filed and this includes; Theodosius Dobzhansky, the first president of the Behavior Genetics Association and Lee Ehrman who described the relationship between mating success in Drosophila in relation to genotype frequency (Demetriou Mouyi  and Spanoudis, 2010).

Answer What is behavioral genetics?

Question; what is cognitive psychology?

One of the sub-disciplines of psychology that is charged with the responsibilities of exploring some of the internal mental processes is cognitive psychology. This refers to the study of how people remember, think, perceive, speak, and even solve their problems. As compared to the previous psychological approaches cognitive psychology is radically different in mainly two ways. First is the fact that it does accept the use of scientific methods and rejects in most of the cases introspection as one of the valid method through which investigation could be carried out. Second, it does explicitly acknowledge the presence of internal mental states such as motivation, belief and desire. It has of late been developed following the emergence of cognitive neuroscience (Laraway, Snycerski, Michael and Poling, 2003).

Answer; what is cognitive psychology?

Question

Experimental analysis of behavior refers to the school of psychology that was founded by B. F. Skinner and one that has been based on the philosophy of radical behaviorism. The main principle here was the data-driven inductive examination of various functional relations contrary to the deductive- hypothetical learning theory that was used before in 1920-1950 period. The approach that was adopted by Skinner was one that could be characterized through empirical observation of measurable behaviors that could be controlled and predicted. Skinner’s procedures that involved operant conditioning did greatly contribute to its high success and effectiveness (Demetriou Mouyi and Spanoudis, 2010).

Answer; what is experimental analysis of behavior

Question four

The kind of psychology that is applied to workplaces and organizations is called industrial and organizational psychology. This field of psychology is also known as I-O psychology, work psychology, industrial-organizational psychology, organizational psychology, industrial psychology, work and organizational psychology, personnel psychology or occupational psychology. These places of work and organizations include non-profits organizations, government agencies, for-profit businesses, colleges, universities, among others. Several instances have shown that development of organizational psychologists have helped organization to achieve much higher success through the improvement of the well-being and performance of its people (Sun, 2008).

Answer; what is Industrial and organizational psychology?

Question five

Humanistic psychology refers to all psychological perspectives that happened to rise to prominence during the 20th century following the works of Carl Rogers and other philosophers of phenomenology and existentialism. This filed does adopt a kind of holistic approach to the concept of human existence mainly through investigations of values, freedom, meaning, tragedy, human potential, personal responsibility, self-actualization and spirituality. This kind of humanistic approach got its roots in existentialist and phenomenological thought (Demetriou Mouyi and Spanoudis, 2010).

Answer

What is humanistic psychology?

References

Demetriou, A., Mouyi, A., & Spanoudis, G. (2010). The development of mental

            processing. Nesselroade, J. R. (2010). Methods in the study of life-span human

            development: Issues and answers. In W. F. Overton (Ed.), Biology, cognition and

            methods across the life-span. Volume 1 of the Handbook of life-span

            development (pp. 36-55), Editor-in-chief: R. M. Lerner. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.

Sun, R.  (ed.), (2008). The Cambridge Handbook of Computational Psychology.

            Cambridge University Press, New York. 2008.

Laraway S, Snycerski S, Michael J, Poling A (2003). “Motivating operations and terms

            to describe them: some further refinements”. J Appl Behav Anal 36 (3): 407–14.

            doi:10.1901/jaba.2003.36-407

Tags: , , , , , ,

Posted in SOCIAL SCIENCES


Leave a Reply


Powered by PalmsoftTechnologies.